Singapore’s first Botanical and Experimental Garden was originally developed at Fort Canning in 1822 by Sir Stamford Raffles (who was also an avid naturalist). In 1859, the Singapore Botanic Gardens was established at the present site by an agri-horticultural society. The Gardens initially grew and experimented with ... potentially useful plants and as per the organization, “one of the earliest and most important successes was the introduction, experimentation and promotion of Para Rubber, Hevea brasiliensis, from 1877. This became a major crop that brought great prosperity to the South East Asian region.”